Architectural restoration and strengthening of Historical Buildings
Seminar in collaboration between Tabriz Islamic Art University, Assorestauro & EK Consulting Engineers
October 15th-17th 2016
Tabriz Islamic Art University, Faculty of Architecture & Urbanism
Seismic Reinforcement is the modification of existing structures to make them more resistant to seismic activity, ground motion, or soil failure due to earthquakes. With better understanding of seismic demand on structures and with our recent experiences with large earthquakes near urban centers, the need of seismic retrofitting is well acknowledged. Seismic Reinforcement (or rehabilitation) strategies have been developed in the past few decades following the introduction of new seismic provisions and the availability of advanced materials (e.g. fiber-reinforced polymers (FRP), fiber reinforced concrete and high strength steel). Retrofit strategies are different from retrofit techniques, where the former is the basic approach to achieve an overall retrofit performance objective, such as increasing strength, increasing deformability, reducing deformation demands while the latter is the technical methods to achieve that strategy, for example FRP jacketing.
In many parts of developing countries such as Iran, Pakistan, Turkey and etc., unreinforced or in some cases reinforced masonry is the predominantly form of structures for rural residential, dwelling’s and almost all historic buildings such as house’s, bazaar, mosques, bathrooms and other historic city compartments that made building’s so weak when they face to earthquake’s.
Masonry was also a common construction form in the early part of the 20th century, which implies that a substantial number of these at-risk masonry structures would have significant heritage value. Masonry walls that are not reinforced are especially hazardous. Such structures may be more appropriate for replacement than retrofit, but if the walls are the principal load bearing elements in structures of modest size they may be appropriately reinforced. It is especially important that floor and ceiling beams be securely attached to the walls. Additional vertical supports in the form of steel or reinforced concrete may be added.
In the framework of the relations developed with Iran with the support of ICE Agenzia, and particularly thanks to the agreements signed between Assorestauro and Tabriz Islamic Art University, a seminar about “Architectural restoration and strengthening of Historic Buildings” will be held from October 15th to 17th.
The aim of the seminar is to exchange experiences in the field of Seismic Reinforcement and structural rehabilitation of historical buildings between Italian experts and Iranian one’s. Both countries face high seismic areas and meantime high valuable historic buildings and it is of main importance to exchange and put together the experience of both countries to improve knowledge and practice with latest technologies and methodologies in the field. So Seminar focuses on new methods on Seismic Reinforcement and structural rehabilitation of historical buildings and introduce commonly applied methods on masonry building. (Adobe, Brick and Stone).
A delegation of Italian university leaders, professionals and manufacturers of technology and materials travelled to Tabriz to share with their Iranian colleagues their know-how and specific operational methods in a wide programme of report sessions and BtoB encounters.
The seminar will be held for 3 days, each one focused on a special topic of interest.
Saturday – 15th October (First day of seminar)
Seismic Reinforcement from architectural point of view
Sunday– 16th October (Second day of seminar)
Guidelines and experiences
Monday – 17th October (Third day of seminar)
Technical aspects and materials
> ITALIAN PARTNER
Professors from Italian Universties and Research Groups on Seismic Reinforcement Studies
ASSORESTAURO, Italian Association for Architecure, Arts and Urban Restoration
Italian Trade Agency (ICE)
> IRANIAN PARTNER
Tabriz Islamic Art University
Emarat Khorshid Consulting Engineers (EK), Tehran
Iraninan Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts Organization
Tabriz Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts Organization
Iraninan Research Institude of Cultural Heritage
Region 8 Tabriz Municipality
East Azerbaijan Province Government