NEW TECHNOLOGIES FOR SEISMIC REINFORCEMENT AND RIHABILITATION: PROCEDURES, TECHNIQUES AND GUIDE LINES
Start-up conferences: BOLOGNA ISTANBUL/ISTANBUL BOLOGNA
STRUCTURAL RESTORATION AND SEISMIC REHINFORCEMENT IN ITALY AND TURKEY: COMPARISON OF BEST PRACTISES
The cooperation between Italy and Turkey in the field of restoration of CH has already seen many successful experiences. Particularly substantial are the following project co-financed by the Italian Government and Assorestauro, with different and important Turkish partners:
- The restoration of The Clock Tower of the Dolmabahçe Palace, co-financed by ICE/Assorestauro and TBMM
- The lighting of three important monuments in Istanbul, The Clock Tower, The Fountain of Ahmed III and the Fashion Academy's Façades, in partnership with TBMM, VGM and The Academy Institution
- The Med Art Project, promotion in Turkey of Italian Companies involved in the restoration field in Partnership with RER (Emilia Romagna Region)
- The ongoing Med Art follow-up project concerning the restoration of the Sheik Suleiman Mescide, co-financed by ICE/Assorestauro and VGM
- The recent symposium organized by VGM, IPKB and Assorestauro, within the ISMEP project and related to the summery of Turkish practices and the Italian approach focused on the methods and techniques proposed for the restoration of the Sheik Suleiman Mescide.
Other important direct consultancies and projects by the Italian companies of Assorestauro:
- The consultancy to the Presidency of Republic of Turkey for the restoration of Huber Palace by a group of Assorestauro' experts.
- The project prepared on behalf of IPKB by prof. Giorgio Croci for Aya Irene and The Archaeological Museum, within the ISMEP project
- The consultancy to VGM by Italian experts on several Turkish Monuments and Mosques.
These projects have been creating a deep relationship between ICE, Assorestauro and its experts, with the Turkish partners. These projects have also emphasized some issues and peculiarities, related to the international cooperation on restoration projects in Turkey, which can be used as the starting point for the future collaborations.
According to the conclusion of the symposium, it is necessary to guarantee seismic safety for listed buildings and Cultural Heritage, in view of a possible future earthquake; at the same time, it is necessary to define procedures to preserve the monuments under the conservative point of view; the need of not changing or damaging the building, is one of the most difficult and urgent question to be solved and to be regulated into guidelines and procedures. As usual, the struggle among architects and structural engineers, guided by different aims and approaches, creates a clear risk for the monument which could be the one who comes off worse. A multidisciplinary approach is strictly necessary for preserving the historical value of the monument and guarantee its safety, under the seismic point of view.
The symposium has also clearly underlined the need of defining procedures and a common language among technicians and institutions, designers and the commissions delegated to approve the project. Italy has a long experience in this field and it could be a very useful to share this experiences and to avoid misunderstands and mistakes, made in Italy during the past 30 years.
Another important issue emerged from the cooperation projects, such as the restoration of the Sheik Suleiman Mescide, is the lack of unitary costs officially published in Turkish National Price Lists, referred to new technologies, materials and techniques; that lacking is influencing deeply the use of these techniques in Projects and Call for Tenders. That obviously creates an obstacle in the use of the most updates technologies and procedures, especially related to seismic reinforcements compatible with Cultural Heritages. This topics have been highly developed in Italy after the great earthquakes in L'Aquila in 2009, and Emilia and Lombardy Region in 2012.
Moreover, IPKS is managing the most important Turkish project in the field, IIstanbul Seismic Risk Mitigation and Emergency Preparedness Project (ISMEP). In order to prepare Istanbul for a probable earthquake the Republic of Turkey and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development signed the Istanbul Seismic Risk Mitigation and Emergency Preparedness (ISMEP) Loan Agreement which became effective as of February 3, 2006. Istanbul Project Coordination Unit (IPCU) was established within the Istanbul Special Provincial Administration (ISPA) for the implementation and supervision of the overall Project. After several agreements signed by the Republic of Turkey in 2008 with European Investment Bank, in 2010 with Council of Europe Development Bank, in 2011 with the World Bank and in 2012 with the Islamic Development Bank, the project, which account a funding of € 243 million, is expected to be completed in 2018. The project aims to enhance the institutional and technical capacity of the emergency management related institutions; raise public awareness in emergency preparedness and response, feasibility studies of the priority public buildings against seismic risks and as to assessment reports the retrofitting or reconstruction of these buildings; support to the national disaster activities; inventory of cultural heritage buildings, carry out seismic risk assessment of selected cultural heritage buildings, prepare retrofitting project designs; and to take supportive measures for effective building code enforcement to prepare Istanbul for a potential earthquake.
PROJECT START-UP: 2015
The main aim of the project is related to the use and development of the most innovative techniques, materials and procedures related to the structural restoration and seismic reinforcement of Cultural Heritage and Historical (listed) buildings, in a path of cooperation between the professionals, experts and professors connected to VGM and IPKB and the Italian experts and professors involved by Assorestauro. A deep confrontation and collaboration between Italian and Turkish expertise, which will lead to the creation of national regulations or guide lines, internal to VGM and IPKB organizations, and to define a series of clear technical items on the bases of the technologies implemented in the project, to be added to the National Price Lists.
The first steps for beginning a stable cooperation between Italian and Turkish experts and professionals on the specific topic of structural and seismic reinforcement refers to three main topics:
- ITALIAN CONFERENCE AND WORKSHOP IN BOLOGNA (11-16 OCTOBER 2015)
- TRANSLATION OF THE ITALIAN "GUIDE LINES FOR THE EVALUATION AND REDUCTION OF THE SEISMIC RISK ON CULTURAL HERITAGE" (Linee Guida per la valutazione e riduzione del rischio sismico del patrimonio culturale allineate alle nuove Norme tecniche per le costruzioni (d.m. 14 gennaio 2008)) (DECEMBER 2015)
- TURKISH CONFERENCE IN ISTANBUL (MARCH 2016)
1. ITALIAN CONFERENCE AND WORKSHOP IN BOLOGNA
In occasion of the international SAIE fair in Bologna, Assorestauro, with the support of Emilia Romagna Fair and Fiera Bologna, is organizing a full work session dedicated to the topic of Structural and seismic reinforcement of Historical Buildings and Cultural Heritage, inviting a delegation of 20/25 professionals from VGM, IPKB and other Turkish organization selected by VGM and IPKB.
The workshop will be organized according to the following draft program:
11 October 2015
ARRIVAL TO BOLOGNA AIRPORT - TRANSFER TO SAN BEEDETTO PO
12-13 October 2015
SAN BENEDETTO PO
LECTURES AND SEMINARS:
Main topic: Italian regulation and new techniques for the structural and seismic reinforcement of historical buildings and Cultural Heritages
14-15 October 2015
BOLOGNA - EMILIA ROMAGNA REGION
WORKSHOP: WORKSITE VISIT
Main topic: Visit to important worksite focused on structural and seismic reinforcement
15-16 October 2015
BOLOGNA - SAIE EXHIBITION
CONFERENCE: SAIE ACADEMY: SEISMIC REINFORCEMENT OF BUILT HERITAGE - Techniques of intervention on historical buildings with masonry wall structures: both listed or not, single buildings or complex.
Main topic: New methods, technologies and materials for the structural and seismic reinforcement of historical buildings and Cultural Heritages
2. TRANSLATION OF THE ITALIAN "GUIDE LINES FOR THE EVALUATION AND REDUCTION OF THE SEISMIC RISK ON CULTURAL HERITAGE"
By December 2015 (suggested 1st or 2nd week), VGM will provide the translation of the Italian Guide lines for the seismic reinforcement approaches on Cultural Heritage, with a critical attachment consisting in case studies by the eItaian experts (provided and funded by Assorestauro). The book will be presented to the Turkish professionals and to the guests by an invited speaker belonging to the Italian Ministry of Culture (MIBACT) and other professors/experts selected by VGM and IPKB, during the conference in Istanbul on March 2016
3. TURKISH CONFERENCE IN ISTANBUL
March 2016 (2days)
CONFERENCE: STRUCTURAL RESTORATION AND SEISMIC REHINFORCEMENT IN TURKEY AND ITALY: COMPARISON OF BEST PRACTISES
Main topic: Turkish policies and regulation for the structural and seismic reinforcement of historical buildings and Cultural Heritages, new methods, technologies and materials.
ROUD TABLE: PRESENTATION OF THE TRANSLATION OF THE ITALIAN GUIDE LINES AND COMPARISON ON THE ITALIAN AND TURKISH APPROACHES
As a natural continuation of the collaboration between Assorestauro, VGM and IPKB, the project allows to create an improving experience on the management of the Turkish Cultural Heritage under the seismic point of view.
In prevision of a big earthquake, being aware with common rules will make the difference in terms of rapidity of the intervention and the management of the project approval procedures.
As a first step, the project will focus on a specific objective, which can be resumed as follow:
- Definition of internal guide lines or procedures for VGM and IPKB. The guidelines will define in any aspect the minimum standard documentation to be presented for a detailed restoration and reinforcement project, a more detailed list and description of Unesco restoration procedures with description of approvable works and not compatible and not approval strengthening works and materials.
As a follow-up project to be planned in 2016/2017, the main aspect of the project is the creation of a partnership with the Ministry of Cultural Heritage to create a common language between who prepares the projects and manages the worksites and the ministerial protection boards who approve the project and works.
Particularity the further objectives, resumed as follow:
- Multidisciplinary project among many important institutions as Turkish Ministry of Cultural Heritage, Vakiflar Genel Mudurgulu, IPKB, on the Turkish side and Assorestauro and Italian Trade Agency on Italian side. The design and diagnostic experience would allow to put together technicians of Ministry CH, VGM and IPKB and to form a permanent discussion table to improve each experience and knowledge of Italian way of restoration and new technologies.
- Definition of Unitary Costs to be added to the National Price Lists for new technologies, materials and design methods.
- Verification of the guide lines by the Protection board of the Turkish Ministry of CH, troughs presentations, seminars and workshops in Italy. This first collaboration among important Turkish institutions will allow exchange of knowledge and methods and will clarify the works that Protection Boards (CRU) and Ministry of CH will consider approvable following the last researches and the most recent and reliable materials. Seminars at Ministry of CH for their technicians and for CRU experts will be held to show methodologies, it will be possible to organize a workshop in Italy for members of Protection Boards, Ministry, IPKB and VGM.
- Presentation of the results of the project troughs symposiums. A final book will consent to advertise this best practice experience to others
[ESTRATTO dal Protocollo di Intesa con VGM]